E., the Merneptah Stele is the earliest extrabiblical record of a people group called Israel. This supports a 13th-century Exodus during the Ramesside Period because it is only during the Ramesside Period that the place names Pi-Ramesse, Pi-Atum and (Pa-)Tjuf (Red Sea or Reed Sea) are all in use.
Israel is followed by a hieroglyph that means a people. The question “Did the Exodus happen” then becomes “ did the Exodus happen? Although there is much debate, most people settle into two camps: They argue for either a 15th-century B. The temple was first built by Aya in the 14th-century B. E., but Horemheb usurped and expanded the temple when he became pharaoh.
Since correct dates for the Exodus and Conquest are crucial in the investigation for locating Bethel and Ai, we consider the dating discussion to be a critical part of this research.
One frequently reads that archaeological evidence contradicts the Bible, especially the Exodus and Conquest accounts.
The foundation in the fourth year of Solomon's reign can be established by moving back from the earliest historically established dates matched to the biblical record.